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Anthony Caro
(British, 1924-2013)
 
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1924
Born 8 March, New Malden, Surrey.

1937-42
Charterhouse School, Godalming, Surrey.

1942-44
Christ’s College, Cambridge; M.A. in engineering.
During vacations attends Farnham School of Art and works in studio of the sculptor Charles Wheeler R.A..

1946-47
Regent Street Polytechnic, London: studies sculpture under Geoffrey Deeley.

1947-52
Royal Academy Schools, London.

1949
Marries the painter Sheila Girling (two sons: Timothy, 1951, and Paul, 1958)

1951-53
Works as part-time assistant to Henry Moore.

1953-81
Teaches two days weekly at St. Martin’s School of Art, London.

1954
Moves to Hampstead; models figurative sculpture in clay and plaster.

1956
First one-man exhibition at Galleria del Naviglio, Milan,

1957
First one-man show in London at Gimpel Fils Gallery.

1959
Wins sculpture prize at Paris Biennale.
Meets Clement Greenberg in London.
Visits USA for the first time on Ford Foundation English Speaking Union
Scholarship; meets Kenneth Noland, David Smith, Robert
Motherwell, Helen Frankenthaler and others.

1960
Returns to London; makes first abstract sculptures in steel including Twenty Four Hours.
Visits Carnac, Brittany, studies the menhirs and dolmens.

1961
First exhibits a steel sculpture, The Horse, 1961, in New London Situation,
Marlborough New London Gallery, London.
First polychrome sculpture, Sculpture Seven.

1963
One-man exhibition of abstract steel sculptures at Whitechapel Gallery,London.

1963-65
Renews contact with Noland and Smith.

1964
First one-man exhibition in New York at André Emmerich Gallery.

1965
Exhibits Early One Morning, 1962, in British Sculpture in the Sixties, TateGallery, London.

1966
Exhibits in Five Young British Artists, British Pavilion, Venice Biennale (with
painters Richard Smith, Harold Cohen, Bernard Cohen and Robyn Denny).
Begins first table sculptures.

1967
Retrospective exhibition at Rijksmuseum Kröller-Müller, Otterlo.
Acquires stock of raw materials from the estate of David Smith.

1969
Retrospective exhibition at Hayward Gallery, London.
Appointed Commander of the Order of the British Empire.
Exhibits, with John Hoyland, in British Section of Tenth São Paulo Biennale.
Patrick Cunningham becomes Caro’s studio assistant.

1970
Begins making unpainted steel sculptures.

1972
Makes sculptures using roll end steel at Ripamonte Factory, Veduggio,Brianza.

1973
One-man exhibition at Norfolk and Norwich Triennial Festival, East Anglia.
Museum of Modern Art, New York, acquires Midday, 1960.

1974
Works at York Steel Co., Toronto, and makes large sculptures, assisted by
sculptors James Wolfe and Willard Beopple.

1975
Retrospective exhibition at Museum of Modern Art, New York (which later travels to Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, Museum of Fine Art, Houston, and
Museum of Fine Art, Boston).
Works in clay at workshop of Syracuse University, New York, organised by Margie Hughto.
Begins making sculptures in welded bronze.

1976
Presented with key to the City of New York by Mayor Abraham Beame.

1977
Exhibition of table sculptures at Tel Aviv Museum, later tours Australia, New Zealand and Germany.
Artist in residence at Emma Lake summer workshop, University of Saskatchewan.

1978
Makes first ‘writing pieces’: calligraphic sculptures in steel.
Executes commission for East Wing of the National Gallery, Washington.

1979
Receives Honorary Doctorates from East Anglia University, Norwich, and York University, Toronto.
Made Honorary Member of American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters, New York.

1980
Makes first sculptures in lead and wood.

1981
Makes wall pieces in handmade paper, with Ken Tyler in New York.
Exhibits at Städtische Galerie im Städel, Frankfurt.
Made Honorary Fellow of Christ’s College, Cambridge.

1982
Appointed Trustee of Tate Gallery, London.
Initiates Triangle annual summer workshops for sculptors and painters at Pine Plains, New York.
Joins Council of Slade School of Art, London.

1984
One-man exhibition at Serpentine Gallery, London, which travels to Manchester, Leeds, Copenhagen, Düsseldorf and Barcelona.
Creates first sculpture with an architectural dimension: Child’s Tower Room.

1985
Visits Greece for the first time.
Leads Sculptors’ Workshop, Maastricht.
Receives Honorary Doctorate from Cambridge University.

1986
Completes work on Scamander and Rape of the Sabines, first sculptures
inspired by Greek pediments.
Made Honorary Fellow of Royal College of Art, London.

1987
Awarded knighthood, Queen’s Birthday Honours.
Executes After Olympia, his largest one-piece sculpture.
Leads workshops in Berlin and Barcelona.

1989
Exhibits at Walker Hill Art Museum, Seoul.
Sculpture workshop, Edmonton.
Visits Korea and India.
First solo exhibition at Annely Juda Fine Art, London.
Receives Honorary Degree, Yale University, New Haven.

1990
Exhibits at Musée des Beaux Arts, Calais.
Visits Japan and starts series of paper sculptures at Mr Ohé’s workshop,Obama.

1991
Completes work on two large sculptures involving dialogue with architecture:
Sea Music for the quayside, Poole, Dorset, and Tower of Discovery for an exhibition of recent work at the Tate Gallery, London.
Exhibition The Cascades shown at Annely Juda Fine Art, London and André Emmerich Gallery, New York.

1992
Retrospective exhibition at the Trajan Market, Rome, organised by Giovanni Carandente and the British Council.
Made Honorary Member of Accademia di Belle Arti di Brera.
Receives Praemium Imperiale Award for sculpture, Tokyo.
Tower of Discovery shown at the World Expo Fair, Seville.

1993-94
The British Council tours a selection of the Cascades Series of table pieces to museums in Hungary, Romania, Turkey, Cyprus and Greece.

1994
Receives Honorary Doctorate of the Royal College of Art, London.
Several exhibitions organised to celebrate the artist’s 70th birthday, including his first narrative sculpture: The Trojan War, shown at the Iveagh Bequest,
Kenwood, London, and the Yorkshire Sculpture Park, Wakefield;
Sculpture Through Five Decades, shown at Annely Juda Fine Art.

1994-95
Largest retrospective exhibition held at the Museum of Contemporary Art, Tokyo, curated by Yasuyoshi Saito with special architectural settings by Tadao Ando.
Exhibition of table sculptures organised by Kettle’s Yard Gallery, Cambridge University, and tours to Whitworth Art Gallery, University of Manchester, and Graves Art Gallery, Sheffield.
Makes a temporary sculpture installation for the Henry Moore Studio at Dean Clough, Halifax: Halifax Step – Ziggurats and Spirals.

1996
Receives Diploma Doctor Honoris Causa, University of Charles de Gaulle, Lille and Honorary Degree, Durham University.
Goodwood Steps displayed at the Hat Hill Sculpture Foundation, Goodwood.

1997
The Trojan War sculptures are shown in Greece at Thessaloniki and at the National Gallery, Athens.
With the architect Sir Norman Foster and the engineer Chris Wise, wins the competition for a new footbridge spanning the Thames from St. Paul’s to the new Tate Gallery of Modern Art at Bankside, London. Completed in 2000, the
bridge is known as the ‘Millennium Bridge’.

1998
Caro – Sculpture From Painting shown at the National Gallery, London, the first occasion a contemporary sculptor has been invited to exhibit there.
Exhibits New Sculptures at Annely Juda Fine Art, London.
Has first one-person show in Seoul, Korea at Kukje Gallery Receives Lifetime Achievement in Contemporary Sculpture Award, International Sculpture Centre, Washington DC, and Honorary Fine Arts Degree, Florida International University.

1999
Exhibits The Last Judgement, 1995-99, a twenty-five part sculpture at the 48th Venice Biennale.

2000
Awarded Order of Merit by HM Queen Elizabeth II. Apart from Henry Moore the only sculptor to receive the accolade in the 20th century.
Exhibition at Venice Design Gallery, Venice, of works from the Concerto series (1999/2000) inspired by music.
Three from the series of seven Duccio Variations in different materials are included in the Encounters exhibition at the National Gallery, London.
The Last Judgement is the first show in the new wing of the Museo des Bellas Artes, Bilbao.

2001
All seven Duccio Variations exhibited together at Marlborough Gallery, New York, with Gold Blocks and Concerto pieces; a selection of the works toured to Marlborough Gallery, Santiago.
The Last Judgement exhibited at the Johanniterkirche, Schwäbisch Hall, Germany to coincide with the opening of the new Kunsthalle Würth.
Exhibition of large architectural inspired works opens new gallery space at Longside, Yorkshire Sculpture Park.

2002
Exhibitions at Galeria Metta Madrid, Galleria Lawrence Rubin, Milan and Galeria Altair, Palma de Mallorca.
Anthony Caro – L’évolution d’un sculpteur exhibition at Château-Musée de Dieppe, France.
Anthony Caro: Drawing in Space, a major retrospective of sculptures from the 1960s to the present day is shown at the Gaudi La Pedrera building in Barcelona. The organisers, the Caixa Catalunya, also created a new
exhibition space next to La Pedrera where the Last Judgement was simultaneously exhibited. The Barbarians (1999-2002), a group of mythical horsemen assembled from stoneware, wood and steel, is first shown at Mitchell-Innes & Nash, New York.

2003
Anthony Caro – escultures I obra sobre paper, Galeria Joan Prats – Artgràfic Barcelona.
The Barbarians shown at Annely Juda Fine Art with Europa and the Bull and Paper Book Sculptures.

2004
Sculpture Two (1962) displayed outside Tate Britain and exhibitions all over the world, including Artemis Greenberg van Doren (Nov/Dec 2003) and Garth Clark Gallery, New York; Grimaldis Gallery, Baltimore; Galerie Josine Bokhoven, Amsterdam and (early 2005) Mitchell-Innes & Nash, New York and Galerie Daniel Templon in Paris, as well as several new books, television programmes and extensive newspaper coverage.
Caro in Focus inaugurates the new Sudhaus galleries at Kunsthalle Würth, Schwäbisch Hall.
The Way It Is included 16 new works, including Caro’s first monumental sculpture in stoneware, at Kenwood House, London.
The Barbarians travel to the Museum of Art, Seoul.
At the studio, works on galvanised, abstract sculptures which incorporate real objects.

2005
Major retrospective at Tate Britain, London, covering all principal phases of career from the 1950s to the present, including a huge new architectural commission for the South Duveen gallery, Millbank Steps (2004). Tours in reduced form to IVAM, Valencia.
Exhibition at Galeria Metta, Madrid.
Joint survey exhibition at Marc Selwyn Fine Art and Daniel Weinberg Gallery, Los Angeles.
Manet – Caro Correspondences show at Musée d’Orsay, Paris.
The Kenwood series tours in the US under the title A Life in Sculpture to Scripps College, California; Bentley Projects, Texas and (spring 2006) Garth Clark Gallery, New York.

2006
Creates a jewellery series for Joyerias Grassy, Madrid.
The Barbarians travel to IVAM, Valencia, to mark the International Julio González Award of the Generalitat Valenciana.
The Weekday Series table sculptures are shown at Galeria Altair, Palma de Mallorca.

2007
Joint exhibition with Sheila Girling at the New Arts Centre, Wiltshire includes 12 sculptures from the Flats series made at York Steel Company, Toronto in 1974.
Exhibition held at Galleri Weinberger, Copenhagen.
Anthony Caro: New Galvanised Steel Sculptures, Annely Juda Fine Art, London; Mitchell-Innes & Nash, New York.

2008
Opening of major permanent commission Chapel of Light at the Church of St Jean Baptiste in Bourbourg, Northern France.
The largest retrospective in France held in three museums in Calais, Dunkirk and Gravelines, as well as exhibitions in Angers, Paris and Lille.
First solo exhibition in Ireland at Hillsboro Fine Art, Dublin.
Exhibition of four figurative heads at National Portrait Gallery, London.
Promenade displayed in the Courtyard of Burlington House, Piccadilly, during and after the Royal Academy’s annual Summer Exhibition.
The Barbarians shown at Galeria Álvaro Alcázar, Madrid, as part of larger exhibition.
Shows Galvanised sculptures at Galerie Daniel Templon, Paris
Creates a second jewellery series for Joyerias Grassy, Madrid.

2009
Works from the Kenwood Series shown at Galeria Altair, Palma de Mallorca.
Joint retrospective with Eduardo Paolozzi at the new Lightbox Gallery, Woking.

2009/10
Exhibits with Sheila Girling at Galerie Josine Bokhoven, Amsterdam.

2010
Solo exhibition at Galeria Joan Prats, Barcelona.
Exhibitions of new Upright Sculptures at Annely Juda Fine Art, London; Galerie Daniel Templon, Paris and Mitchell-Innes & Nash, New York.
Exhibition of 1980s figure sculptures and drawings at Royal Society of British Sculptors, London and Hillsboro Fine Art, Dublin
Exhibition of jewellery at New Arts Centre, Wiltshire

2011
Galeria Alvaro Alcazar, Madrid.
The Metropolitan Musuem of Art, New York, ‘Exhibition of Large works’.
Kukje Gallery, Seoul


WORK IN PUBLIC COLLECTIONS
Aberdeen Art Gallery
Ackland Art Museum, Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Ajuntament de Barcelona
Akron Art Museum, Ohio
Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, New York
Aldrich Museum of Contemporary Art, Ridgefield, Connecticut
Art Gallery, Brighton
Art Gallery, McMaster University, Ontario
Art Gallery of Alberta, Edmonton
Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney
Art Gallery of North Carolina, Newbarn
Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto
Arts Council of Great Britain
Artsonje Museum, Korea
Ball State University, Indiana
Baltimore Museum of Art, Baltimore, Maryland
Bayerische Saatsgemäldesammlung, Munich
Bennington College, Bennington, Vermont
Birmingham Museum of Art
Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery
Boca Raton Museum of Art, Florida
Boston Museum of Fine Arts, Massachusetts
The British Council, London
British Museum, London
Caracas Museum, Venezuela
Carnegie Museum of Art, Pittsburgh
Cecil Higgins Art Gallery, Bedford
Center for Contemporary Graphic Art and Tyler Graphics Archive Collection, Fukushima
Centre national des arts plastiques, Paris
Christian Science Center, Boston
Christ’s College, Cambridge
Cincinnati Art Museum
City Museums and Records Services, Portsmouth
Cleveland Museum of Art, Ohio
Collection du Fonds Départemental d’Art Contemporain du Val de Marne
Comino Foundation, USA
Cornell University, Ithaka
Cranbrook Academy of Art Museum, Michigan
Courtauld Gallery, London
Currier Museum of Art, Manchester
Dallas Museum of Art, Texas
Dayton Art Institute, Ohio
De Young Museum, San Francisco
Dean Clough Collection, Yorkshire
Des Moines Art Center, Iowa
Detroit Institute of Arts, Michigan
Duke University Art Gallery, Durham, N. Carolina
Eglise St Jean Baptiste, Bourbourg
English Folk Dance and Song Society, Cecil Sharp House, London
EPAD, Paris
Es Baluard, Museu d’Art Modern I Contemporani, Palma de Mallorca
Everson Museum of Art, Syracuse
Felton Bequest, Melbourne
First Church of Christ Scientist, Boston
Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge
Folkwang Museum, Essen
Fondation Veranneman, Belgium
Frances Lehman Loeb Art Center, Vassar College, Poughkeepsie
Frederick R Weisman Art Foundation, Los Angeles
Frederik Meijer Gardens and Sculpture Park, Michigan
Fukuoka Museum of Art, Japan
Fundacié Antoni Tàpies, Barcelona
Galleria civica d’arte moderna, Spoleto, Italy
Glasgow Museum of Modern Art
Government Art Collection, London
Hakone Open Air Museum, Tokyo
Hammersmith and West London College, London
Hampstead Town Hall, London
Hartford Art School, Connecticut
Heide Museum of Modern Art, Victoria, Australia
Henry Moore Institute, Leeds
Hessisches Landesmuseum, Darmstadt
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington DC
Ho-am Art Museum, Seoul
Houston Museum of Fine Arts, Lillie & Hugh Roy Cullen Sculpture Garden, Texas
Israel Museum, Jerusalem
Ivam Centre Julio Gonzàlez, Valencia
Joan Miró Foundation, Barcelona
Johannesburg Art Gallery
John Creasey Museum, Trowbridge
Kaiser Wilhelm Museum, Krefeld
Kiasma Museum of Contemporary Art, Helsinki
Kunsthalle Bielefeld
Kunsthalle Hamburg
Kunsthalle Mannheim
Kunsthalle Weishaupt, Ulm
Kunsthaus Zürich
Kunstmuseum Düsseldorf im Ehrenhof
Kunstmuseum Hannover (Sammlung Sprengel), Hanover
Kunstsammlung der Ruhr-Universität, Bochum
Kunstsammlung Nordrhein-Westfalen, Düsseldorf
Laing Art Gallery, Newcastle-upon-Tyne
Laumeier Sculpture Park, St Louis
Leeds Art Gallery
Los Angeles County Museum of Art, California
Louisiana Museum of Modern Art, Humlekaek, Denmark
Mendel Art Gallery, Saskatoon, Canada
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
Mildred Lane Kemper Art Museum, St Louis
Millennium Bridge Trust, London
Ministère de la Culture, Paris
Modern Art Museum of Fort Worth, Texas
Musée d’Art Moderne, Saint-Etienne Métropole
Musée des Beaux-Arts, Angers
Musée des Beaux-Arts et de la Dentelle, Calais
Musée de Grenoble
Musée Nationale d’Art Moderne Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris
Museo Botero, Bogota
Museo de Arte Contemporáneo, Barcelona
Museo de Arte Contemporáneo de Caracas Sofia Imber, Venezuela
Museo de Bellas Artes, Bilbao
Museum Ernst-Gerhard, Saarbrücken
Museum im Kulturspeicher, Würzburg
Museum Ludwig, Cologne
Museum Moderner Kunst Stiftung Ludwig, Vienna
Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles
Museum of Contemporary Art, Tokyo
Museum of Modern Art, New York
Museum of Modern Art, Shiga
Museum of Modern Art, Toyama
Museum of Outdoor Arts, Colorado
Museum Schloss Morsbroich, Leverkusen
Museum Würth, Künzelsau
Nasher Sculpture Center, Dallas
National Gallery of Australia, Canberra
National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne
National Gallery of Art, Washington DC
National Gallery and Museum of Wales, Cardiff
National Museum of Art, Osaka
National Museum of Contemporary Art, Seoul
Nature Reserve, East India Docks, London
Nelson Gallery of Art, Kansas City, Missouri
Neue Galerie der Stadt Linz
North Carolina Museum of Art, Raleigh
Northern Gallery for Contemporary Art, Sunderland
Palm Springs Desert Museum
Parque Campa de los Ingleses, Bilbao
Parrish Art Museum, Southampton, New York
Patronato Sociocultural de Alcobendas, Madrid
Peggy Guggenheim Collection, Venice
Peterborough Development Corporation
Philadelphia Museum of Art, Pennsylvania
Phillips Collection, Washington DC
Phillips Exeter Academy, Exeter
Poole Borough Council
Portland Art Museum, Portland, Oregon
Red Deer College, Alberta
Rhode Island School of Design
Rijksmuseum Kröller-Müller, Otterlo
Royal Academy of Arts, London
Queensland Art Gallery, Brisbane
Rose Art Museum, Brandeis University, Waltham, Massachusetts
Saarland Museum, Saarbrücken
Samsung Museum, Seoul
Sarah Lawrence College, Bronxville, New York
Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, Edinburgh
Scottsdale Museum of Contemporary Art, Arizona
Seattle Art Museum
Setagaya Art Museum, Tokyo
Sintra Museum of Modern Art, Portugal (Berardo Collection)
Skulpturenmuseum Albertinum, Dresden
Smart Museum of Art, University of Chicago
Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York
Sondra & Marvin Smalley Sculpture Garden, The University of Judaism, Los Angeles
Speed Art Museum, Louisville, Kentucky
City of St. Louis Museum, Missouri
Staatsgalerie Stuttgart
Stanford University, California
Storm King Art Centre, Mountainville, New York
Syracuse University, New York
Szépmûvészeti Museum, Budapest
Tate Gallery, London
Tel Aviv Museum, Israel
Tokushima Modern Art Museum, Japan
Tokyo International Forum
Toledo Museum of Art, Ohio
UCLA Art Council, Los Angeles, California
Ulster Museum, Belfast
University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa
University of Alberta, Edmonton
University of California, Franklin D. Murphy Sculpture Garden, Los Angeles
University of East Anglia, Norwich
Usdan Center for the Creative and Performing Arts, New York
Vancouver Art Gallery, British Columbia
Victoria and Albert Museum, London
Virginia Museum of Fine Arts
Von der Heydt Museum, Wuppertal
Wadsworth Atheneum, Hartford, Connecticut
Wakayama Perfectural Musuem, Japan
Wakefield Museum and Art Gallery
Wakita Museum of Art, Japan
Walker Art Center, Minneapolis
Walker Hill Art Museum, Seoul
Wallraf-Richartz Museum, Cologne
West London College, London
Western Gallery, Western Washington University
Westfälisches Landesmuseum, Münster
Whitworth Fine Art Gallery, Manchester
Wilhelm Lehmbruck Museum, Duisburg
Wolfgang Gurlitt Museum/Neue Galerie der Stadt Linz, Austria
Wolfson College, Oxford
Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, Connecticut
York University of Fine Art, Toronto
   
 
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